More recently, androgen receptors have been shown to have a second mode of action. As has been also found for other steroid hormone receptors such as estrogen receptors , androgen receptors can have actions that are independent of their interactions with DNA.   Androgen receptors interact with certain signal transduction proteins in the cytoplasm. Androgen binding to cytoplasmic androgen receptors can cause rapid changes in cell function independent of changes in gene transcription, such as changes in ion transport . Regulation of signal transduction pathways by cytoplasmic androgen receptors can indirectly lead to changes in gene transcription, for example, by leading to phosphorylation of other transcription factors.
Testosterone Enanthate (Testoviron Depot) is used for growth and development of male reproductive organs, maintains secondary sex characteristics, increases protein anabolism and decreases protein catabolism. Testosterone Enanthate is used for treating symptoms of low testosterone in men when the body does not make any testosterone or not enough testosterone (hypogonadism). Testosterone Enanthate may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor. It is also used to treat certain types of breast cancer in women. Take Testosterone Enanthate only as directed. Do not take more of it and do not take it more often than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects. In order for Testosterone Enanthate to work properly, it is important that you follow a diet high in proteins and calories . If you have any questions about this, check with your health care professional.